Education in the first twenty century represents multifarious challenges to educators, parents, policy-makers etc. Education was a one-way process: a teacher delivering knowledge to students whose role was very passive. It was the responsibility of students to acquire knowledge. Values were discussed but never instilled. Nowadays education is a long process where a number of stakeholders participate to make it successful. It is the process of successfully facilitating learning, delivering knowledge, skills, values, and beliefs in a short time.  The teacher is not the center of learning. It is students who are at the core of the process. Lecturing has withdrawn to allow storytelling, discussing, teaching, training, and doing research to take their rightful place. This is not all. Learning is now at the hands of learners who may resort to the internet to gain more knowledge or revise a subject or verify a piece of knowledge.

The student-centered approach has shaped many curriculums to fit the different needs of students. Although knowledge is significant, ways of delivering knowledge acquire a similar importance. Long texts have disappeared and been replaced by questions, prompts, stories, role-play exercises, etc. Pair work and group work exercises are enhanced and multiplied. Physics exercises are dealt with through the collaboration of students where the teacher plays a somehow passive role. In addition, more focus has been placed on learning styles.

Educators have recognized three distinct learning styles: audible, visual, and kinesthetic. Audible students prefer to listen to new information. They may listen to a complete novel and be able to do a quiz, scoring a high mark. Lecturing suits them a lot. On the other hand, visual students like to be exposed to pictures, videos, diagrams, etc. They learn better upon seeing the whole picture. Lastly, kinesthetic students love moving around to acquire or practice knowledge. Scavenger hunt is a typical exercise where they feel comfortable and less tense to practice and communicate with the others. However, it has been proven that no one is a completely visual learner, for example. That is why all the styles should be conflated to produce a good curriculum.

 

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